“In our original societies we operated by consensus. An issue was talked out in solemn conclave until such time as agreement could be achieved.”
~Kenneth Kuanda, Former President of Zambia
MEETING MA’AT: THE AFRICAN CENTERED HANDBOOK FOR CONDUCTING MEETINGS ( David Horne, AuthorHouse, IN, 2004), is a handbook designed to replace a dependence on Robert’s Rules of Order with the Rules of African Consensus in our meetings and community decision making gatherings. The former (Robert’s Rules) is based on a competitive, adversarial model, while African Consensus decision-making model presented in Meeting Ma’at is based on cooperation, collaboration and participatory consent in group decision making.
Meeting facilitators and organizers will find this logical, historically based African-centered approach most useful for conducting meetings and gatherings. It is conducive for solid group decision-making and for moving the agenda along to its conclusion.
Why Meeting Ma’at?
In ancient Egyptian society, Ma’at was the Goddess of physical and moral law. The seven ethical principles of Ma’at are: Order, Truth, Justice, Balance, Harmony, Reciprocity and Righteousness.
“Ma’at exemplifies the universal existence and influence of the twin visions of RIGHT and TRUTH. Ma’at represents the ideal toward which one aims a life of substance, accomplishment, and moral decency. When led, there is a Ma’atian distinction between sins and transgressions. The former are violations of the laws of worship and respect for the gods and goddesses. The latter are offenses against one’s fellow men and women, and/or the earthly environment within which one lives. Sins against the divine are always deep liabilities in the weighing of one’s balance of life. Transgressions against other people and/or earth, particularly when accompanied by showing remorse and recanting, if often forgiven and not held as a liability.
In leadership, in followship, and in life overall, the seven ethical principles of Ma’at should be practiced, advocated and continually affirmed by those who want to be assessed as virtuous and morally upstanding citizens.”
~Excerpted from “Meeting Ma’at”